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Basel Agreement Banking

  • 未分類
  • 09/09/2022

The Basel Agreement: What it Means for Banking

The Basel Agreement, also known as the Basel Accords, is a set of international regulations that establish guidelines for banks and other financial institutions. The agreement aims to promote financial stability and prevent the collapse of financial institutions.

The Basel Agreement was first established in 1988 by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, which is made up of representatives from central banks and regulatory authorities from around the world. The initial agreement, known as Basel I, focused on credit risk and required banks to hold a minimum amount of capital in reserve to cover potential losses.

Since then, the Basel Agreement has been updated twice, with Basel II introduced in 2004 and Basel III in 2010. These updates have expanded the scope of the agreement to include other types of risk, such as market risk and operational risk, and have increased the amount of capital that banks must hold in reserve.

The impact of the Basel Agreement on banking has been significant. By requiring banks to hold more capital in reserve, the agreement has made the financial system more stable and less susceptible to collapse. It has also increased transparency and accountability, making it easier for regulators to identify and address potential risks.

However, the Basel Agreement has also faced criticism from some quarters. Critics argue that the increased capital requirements have made it more difficult for banks to lend money, which could potentially hinder economic growth. Others have argued that the agreement has not gone far enough in addressing other issues, such as the role of credit rating agencies and the impact of systemic risk.

Despite these criticisms, the Basel Agreement remains an important tool for promoting financial stability and preventing the collapse of financial institutions. As the global financial system continues to evolve, it is likely that the agreement will continue to be updated in order to address new risks and challenges. But for now, the Basel Agreement serves as a cornerstone of regulatory policy in the banking industry.


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